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Aquileia was founded by the Romans as a military colony in 181 BC It was first bulwark against the barbarian invasion of peoples and a starting point for expeditions and military conquests.

Thanks to good road network and an important river port, over time became increasingly important for its trade and the development of a highly refined craft (glass, amber, fictilia, jewels ...).

Reached its peak under the rule of Caesar Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD) became the capital of the X Regio "Venetia et Histria" and accelerating the process that would have made one of the most important metropolis of the Roman Empire.

Lasted the centuries that followed, internal wars, raids or reprisals outside and rapid incursions threatened the city, involved in the broader crisis of the Empire, slowly began to acquire a new face became, with the arrival of Christianity, the center of missionary activity and radiation of ecclesiastical organization.